Ireland is the Island in the Atlantic Ocean off the west coast of the United Kingdom. The Republic is a member of the European Union and has an efficient farmlands and food-processing industries. 70,280 square kilometer is the land area occupied by Ireland. It has a population of 3,800,000 people, and ninety-five per cent of the populations of Ireland are Irish. Dublin is the capital city of Ireland. It is a lively centre of cultural heritage, commerce, and social activity. Irish, English, and Gaelic are the main languages people speak in this region. The warm waters of the Gulf Stream account for Ireland's mild and damp climate. Ireland's high rainfall results in fresh green fields, giving it the nickname of the "Emerald Isle." This land is used cultivating crops and grazing dairy cattle. Ireland is famous for its butter and cheese. Ireland's most important natural resources are its fertile farmland and peat. There are oil reserves off the coast. Ireland is one of the fastest-growing economies in Europe.