The Turks and Caicos Islands are located in the Caribbean and it is a small archipelago nation. This group of Island technically lies in the Atlantic Ocean, which is close to Bahamas and Haiti. Its geographic coordinates lie between latitude 21 degree 45 North latitude and 71 degree 35 west. This island enjoys abundant sunshine with 112 to 127 centimeter rainfall annually. Many locations in the country accumulate natural sea salt deposits. This Island is a home to 30,000 residents. The US dollar is the monetary unit Turks and Caicos. Grand Turk is the capital city. About twenty per cent of the work force is engaged in cultivating agro crops such as cassava, corn, and citrus fruits. The economy of the Turks and Caicos largely relies on the tourism industry, and welcome more than 200,000 tourists annually and the exportation of seafood is an important activity. The Turks and Caicos Islands have the world's third largest barrier reef system and has the world's top diving sites.